Satin vs Sateen
In the vast panorama of textiles available to retailers, designers, and creators, two materials often stand out for their unique […]
Welcome to the Silk Fabric Guide! Your ultimate destination to unravel the mysteries, beauty, and versatility of one of the world’s most cherished fabrics. Whether you’re a designer seeking inspiration, a textile enthusiast, or simply curious about the allure of silk, you’ve come to the right place!
If you are new to using this fabric, you may think that all silk is produced with a shiny surface, however, this is not the case. Silk can be woven into heavyweight slubby cloths with a dull finish, extremely fine floaty chiffons, crepe textures or woven with a rib effect, to name just a few different styles.
Silk originated in China as early as 6000 BC, however, it is now widely produced all over the world. Once a very exclusive fabric purchased only by the rich, today it is broadly used for luxury items.
Silk fabric is made from the larva of silkworms, the larvae feed on leaves for approximately 40 days and then spin a pod around themselves to pupate. This ‘pod’ is made of high protein fluid which can then be made into a silk thread. A single cocoon can produce a high level of raw silk threads. The method is completely natural and is a very delicate process.
Silk can be very comfortable to wear and is often used to make shirts, ties, blouses, dresses, lingerie, pyjamas and robes. Silk keeps warm air close to the skin during cold weather, but is also breathable and able to keep you cool in warmer weather.
Some silks have an attractive lustre or a beautiful drape, making them a very popular choice in the wedding industry.
Silk is very versatile and can also be used for furnishing applications, such as bedding.
Silk also has a place in the industrial and commercial industry, being used to make parachutes and for surgical sutures.
Even though silk is very popular today, producing it is still a long and tedious process. Due to the high quality of the fibres used and the time taken to manage it, this all impacts the cost, making 100% Silk a more luxurious and expensive fabric to create.
It is best to stick to paints that are made specifically for silk or other types of fabric painting. Many artists use liquid fabric paints, but hard watercolours are good to use too, particularly for fine detailing. Silk dye would also work.
Acid dyes are the best and most reliable choice for dyeing silk. They work on any protein fibre. This means any fibre created by an animal: wool, alpaca, mohair, silk, and cashmere.
We would always recommend specialist cleaning, whether it is a heavy slub silk or a fine chiffon.
Silk fibres are coated with a protein known as fibroin, which repels dust mites, which are a major source of allergic irritation. Silk is also resistant to mould, fungus and bacteria, making it naturally hypoallergenic.
Certain types of silk can be much more delicate than others and should be handled with great care. They can tear easily, get scorched if ironed and can become ‘puckered’ when sewn if your sewing machine tension or needle is not correct (please always consult your sewing machine manual for guidance).
Watching video tutorials before attempting a project with silk is highly recommended.